Timer IC and Multivibrators

Analog Circuits: Timer IC and Multivibrators

Contents

Describe the internal diagram of 555 Timer IC 1

Recall the applications of 555 Timer IC 3

Describe the Pin diagram of Monostable Multivibrator using 555 Timer IC 3

Calculate the Pulse Width in Monostable Multivibrator 5

Describe the Pin Diagram of Astable Multivibrator using 555 Timer IC 6

Generate Square Wave using Astable Multivibrator 8

Calculate the Time period and Duty Cycle of Generated Square Wave 9

Generate Triangular Wave using Astable Multivibrator 10

Describe the internal diagram of 555 Timer IC

The 555 Timer IC is a widely used integrated circuit that is commonly used in timing, oscillator, and flip-flop applications. The internal diagram of the 555 Timer IC is shown below:

AcHgjA+VAVc6AAAAAElFTkSuQmCC

The 555 Timer IC contains three 5kΩ resistors (RA, RB, and RC), two comparators (COMP1 and COMP2), a flip-flop (FF), a discharge transistor (DIS), and an output stage.

The three 5kΩ resistors are used to set the voltage levels at the inputs of the comparators. The comparator inputs are labeled as TRIG (trigger) and THR (threshold). When the voltage at the TRIG input falls below two-thirds of the voltage at the THR input, the output of COMP1 goes high and triggers the flip-flop.

The flip-flop output is connected to the output stage, which can be configured in a variety of ways depending on the application. The output stage can be used as a buffer or as a switching output, and can drive loads up to 200mA.

The discharge transistor is used to discharge the capacitor connected to the DIS (discharge) pin, which is typically used to control the timing of the 555 Timer IC. The CONTROL pin can be used to modify the operation of the internal comparators and flip-flop.

The RESET pin is used to reset the internal flip-flop and return the output stage to its default state. The GND pin is connected to ground, and the Vcc pin is connected to a positive voltage source.

Overall, the 555 Timer IC is a versatile and widely used integrated circuit that offers a wide range of timing and control capabilities.

Recall the applications of 555 Timer IC

The 555 timer IC is a versatile integrated circuit that has a wide range of applications in electronics. Some of the common applications of the 555 timer IC are:

  1. Astable Multivibrator: The 555 timer IC can be used as an astable multivibrator to generate a continuous stream of pulses. This is useful in applications such as oscillator circuits, timing circuits, and LED blinkers.
  2. Monostable Multivibrator: The 555 timer IC can also be used as a monostable multivibrator to generate a single pulse of a specific duration. This is useful in applications such as timers, pulse width modulation circuits, and pulse position modulation circuits.
  3. Voltage Controlled Oscillator (VCO): The 555 timer IC can be used as a voltage-controlled oscillator to generate a variable-frequency output signal that is controlled by an external voltage.
  4. PWM Generator: The 555 timer IC can be used as a pulse-width modulation (PWM) generator to control the speed of motors, dim the brightness of LEDs, and regulate the power output of power supplies.
  5. Tone Generator: The 555 timer IC can be used as a tone generator to produce different types of audio signals such as square waves, sawtooth waves, and triangular waves.
  6. Delay Circuits: The 555 timer IC can be used to generate delays in circuits such as relay timers, digital clocks, and time delay switches.
  7. Flip-Flop Circuits: The 555 timer IC can be used to implement flip-flop circuits, which are widely used in digital electronics.

Overall, the 555 timer IC is a versatile component that is widely used in electronic circuits due to its simplicity, low cost, and ease of use.

Describe the Pin diagram of Monostable Multivibrator using 555 Timer IC

A Monostable Multivibrator using a 555 Timer IC is a circuit that generates a single output pulse of a specified duration when triggered. The Pin diagram of a Monostable Multivibrator using 555 Timer IC is shown below:

Acn6yzqrFWlJAAAAAElFTkSuQmCC